|What is my age:||I'm 34 years old|
Because life expectancy has increased, the of individuals reaching the age of 85 or older will also dramatically increase. The qualitative analytic strategy that was used for the focus group transcripts was the constant comparative method suggested by Glaser and Straussand further outlined by Maykut and Morehouse were continuously refined and reviewed for ambiguity or overlap.
Meyer and Northridge suggested that the social stigma and systematic discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity create a stressful social environment that has a ificant negative impact on the overall health of LGBT individuals. This article describes the of both quantitative studies i.
As ly indicated, the initial needs assessment survey included a variety of demographic questions that included asking respondents about their relationship histories e. Focus group members also questioned whether their current network of friends would be willing to assist them if they experienced some of their preconceived threats of old age e. To protect the confidentiality of the participants, the identity of those who complete the survey instrument will remain anonymous.
This descriptive content analysis of the expressed experiences, perspectives, attitudes, and opinions from participants in the three focus groups revealed seven major areas of importance for these LGB older adults.
Situation of the lgbt+ community in the world
Participants shared their frustrations with health care personnel who would assume heterosexuality, especially when sexual histories were being obtained. For example, one focus group member indicated that the negative societal messages about homosexuality that she experienced made her hesitant about disclosing her sexual orientation. For example, one question asked whether counseling services were ever used. Likewise, many indicated that their ability to maintain supportive relationships with family and friends were becoming more challenging as they aged.
Three focus groups of 7 to 10 self-identified older LGB persons in three different geographical areas Northwest, Ohio; Northeast, Ohio; and Southeast, Michigan were organized and conducted. Their concerns also mirrored the comments made by the two lesbian grandmothers who participated in the ly described focus groups with LGB older adults. The reports also stressed the importance of investigating the needs and concerns of middle-aged LGBT persons because there are distinguishable characteristics that differentiate midlife cohorts of LGBT individuals from current older cohorts.
There were 13 lesbians, 10 gay men, and 3 women who identified their sexual orientation as bisexual. This speaks highly of the willingness of many LGBT older adults to have their voices heard by participating in research and the need for these issues to be given a platform. However, focus group members who were grandparents believed that asking family members e. Agents are individuals known to this researcher who have access to potential respondents.
Add pew research center to your alexa
While the overall U. Census Bureau, During the next 25 years, as baby boomers reach later life, the of American elders will almost double to It is estimated that inone in five Americans will be 65 years of age or older. One of the most challenging tasks in conducting any research with LGBT older adults is actually being able to locate this population in order to recruit their participation for specific research projects.
All of these research activities are presented collectively to represent the cumulative nature of this research and to illustrate the importance of conducting both quantitative and qualitative studies, and their mutual influence, to best address the research questions under consideration. All focus group members discussed their familial relationships and ten members discussed their relationships with grown children from prior heterosexual relationships.
However, the review of early returned surveys led to an unanticipated, but welcomed new line of research. Extensive research on the specific needs and concerns of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT older adults is lacking. Because research on grandparenting and grandparenthood has not included sexual orientation as a research variable, accurate estimations of the of LGBT grandparents are not available.
It is projected that bythe United States may have as many people over the age of 85 as the current populations of New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago combined Administration on Aging, Paralleling the overall older adult population, it can be assumed that the and proportion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT older adults will ificantly increase over the next few decades. However, their ability to create strong networks of friends or family of choice was also identified by participants as being one of their primary strengths and an advantage of being LGB, similar to findings of the MetLife study.
Local mental health counselors who advertise in local LGBT business guides were also contacted and used to identify potential participants. These lesbian women clearly informed this researcher that their specific needs and concerns of being a lesbian grandmother were not being addressed in this specific needs assessment and perhaps elsewhere in their lives.
Open-ended questions asked respondents to identify any unmet medical needs for which they are not receiving care and to list the type of services that they would like to receive. Concomitant with this absence of information, many researchers have concluded that the needs of LGBT older adults have been ignored by most institutions in our society Dorfman et al. Academic colleagues have been instrumental in all aspects of the research activities, but especially in the recruitment of respondents.
Thrive as an lgbt+ executive or ally
The majority of focus group participants discussed how they experienced social stigma and systematic discrimination based both on their age and their sexual orientation. Focus group participants provided examples of the discrimination and bias that they experienced within health care settings. These three areas included three major metropolitan cities e. Lesbian grandmothers did not disclose their sexual orientation specifically because they believed that they were protecting their grandchildren from real foes e.
More important, one-half of the participants indicated that their physicians did not discuss sexual activity or obtain sexual histories. If the respondent answered yes, they were then asked to provide information for why they sought counseling i. The length of time in which this survey has been available has been considerable, but it has been the goal to be able to obtain the voices of numerous LGBT older adults from diverse groups. However, similar to the MetLife national survey, LGBT older adults who completed the needs assessment reported variations in which they were and were not open with in regard to their sexual orientation.
A total of 26 LGB older adults participated in the focus group discussions. Most important, the primary goal of this project was to obtain a deeper appreciation, understanding, and awareness of the grandparent—grandchild relationship when grandmothers defined their sexual orientation as lesbian or bisexual.
The majority of participants indicated that their social networks were composed primarily of other LGBT individuals, but as they aged they recognized the limits of this exclusivity. Legal issues were another identified source of primary concern and frustration for all twenty-six LGB elder focus group participants.
Patterson,it is likely that the current and future aging LGB population will experience grandparenthood in greater s than LGB cohorts. Recently, publications from both the Institute of Medicine and the Williams Institute Gates, indicate that determining the size of the LGBT population remains challenging, but using available data, they estimate that 3.
Therefore, multipurpose senior centers, assisted living facilities, continuing care retirement centers, and area agencies on aging were approached by the researchers to post flyers that asked for research participants. It was most evident from the focus group discussions that the health care needs of the LGB older adult participants mirrored what has been reported in studies Dean et al. This level of disclosure touched on all of the areas identified; their level of comfort with their sexual orientation identity was often a reflection of the social stigma that they had experienced.
The aim of this focus group research was to identify the common themes regarding the needs, concerns, and issues affecting a select group of older LGBT persons. This article, grouped into several studies adopting different methodologies, describes ongoing, linked research endeavors that have focused on the LGBT older adult population addressing the recommendations first made Just a honest question 4 lgbt community the NGLTF in Specifically, our initial focus group discussions and individual interviews on needs and service usage led to the development of a needs assessment instrument, which, in turn, led to subsequent interviews on more focused topics.
These same health risks were reported by members of the focus groups. Respondents were also asked if they would prefer to visit a clinic, health care provider, or counselor that openly promoted services to LGBT elders. Focus group members discussed how issues related to housing, spirituality, mental health, family, and social networks intersected with both their age and sexual orientation.
A of lesbians indicated on their surveys that a question concerning the of grandchildren that they had was not included in the survey. As ly indicated, participants will be able to obtain the survey at a variety of sites e.
However, the exact causes of these health disparities are still understudied and, therefore, not well understood Mayer et al. That is, the discussions revealed patterns similar to research that indicates that lesbians are ificantly less likely than non-lesbian women to receive routine preventive health care e.
Although focus groups participants discussed the availability of living wills and durable power of attorney for health care, they also provided specific examples of how these two documents are not sufficient for protecting their health concerns, especially in the provision of home health care and long-term institutional care. Taking these largersalient patterns and relationships that emerged across were explored. These individuals then contacted the researchers and requested surveys or volunteered to participate in subsequent research. It was not my goal to focus exclusively on women, but it was my intention to conduct individual interviews with the lesbian grandmothers who had completed the needs assessment survey and who had specifically indicated that they would be willing to discuss their experiences and provide their feedback to the assessment instrument.
It is anticipated that a full analysis of the responses for the LGBT Elders Needs Assessment Scale will bring new awareness to the issues, concerns, and needs facing LGBT older adults, as well as their level of involvement and satisfaction with agencies and organizations that provide services to the older adult population. Following Institutional Human Subjects Review Board protocol, all focus group participants were informed, in writing, of the general nature of the research project, the foreseeable risks, and the voluntary nature of their participation.
Flashes safe seven utility icon
Likewise, the finding that they experienced social stigma and systematic discrimination based on their sexual orientation and age was extremely important, yet it gave little indication of the prevalence of social stigma and systematic discrimination in the general LGBT older adult community. With both of these methods, participants who had been members of a focus group or who had completed surveys informed their LGBT friends of the research project.
It is well documented that the population over the age of 65 within the United States and worldwide is dramatically increasing. Participants ranged in age from 65 to 84, with a mean age of All focus group discussions were audiotaped, and to protect the anonymity of the information that would be obtained, participants were asked to use pseudonyms instead of their own names.
Unfortunately, the focus groups did not include older adults who self-identified as being transgender, despite vigorous recruitment efforts to be inclusive. Participants who belonged to older gay men and lesbian friendship networks e. Audio-taped focus group discussions were transcribed verbatim. Because recruitment of participants from more than one geographical location was the goal, academic colleagues from numerous locations were instrumental in being able to reach this goal.
Conducting focus groups with lgbt elders
The physical locations of the focus group discussions were at pre-identified gay-friendly sites. Collectively, these reports clearly indicate that research studies on LGBT older adults are desperately needed. Therefore, only rough estimations of the LGBT older adult population are presently available. Preliminary are described as follows.